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Chinese Bronzes of the Shang and Zhou Periods
Han Dynasty Bronzes
Early Chinese Ceramics
Sculpture from Tombs
Chinese Buddhist Sculpture
Tang and Liao Dynasty Metalwork
Ceramics of the Song and Jin Periods
Porcelains of the Yuan and Early Ming Periods
Imperial Chinese Ceramics of the 15th Century
Ceramics of the Late Ming Period
Qing Dynasty Porcelain
Landscape Painting in China
Jade and Lacquer in China
Xie An at East Mountain
Attributed to Lou Guan (active mid- to late 13th century)
China; Southern Song (1127-1279) to Yuan (1279-1368) period, late 13th century
Hanging scroll; Ink and slight color on silk
Image only, H. 69 in. (175.3 cm); W. 34 3/4 in. (88.3 cm)
Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection of Asian Art
This painting of a towering landscape combines the monumentality and intimacy that typify the Chinese art of landscape painting. The composition of the painting includes three different points of view, and the use of this system of perspective is one of the salient characteristics of Chinese landscape painting. The foreground is seen from above; the middle ground is seen straight ahead; and the background is seen from below. Use of this tripartite perspective allows the painting to present images that contain more information than would be available by merely presenting the landscape from a single viewpoint and also helps to enhance the sense of monumentality. The figures in the painting illustrate the visit of the famous painter poet and scholar Xie An and his coterie of female attendants to a recluse living in a solitary mountain retreat.
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